A panel on the occasion of the release of Raymond Lottaв??s new eBook "You Donв??t Know What You Think You в??Knowв?? About... The Communist and the REAL Path to Emancipation: Its History and Our Future." It offers unique historical analysis and assessment of the Paris Commune of 1871, the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917-56, and the Chinese revolution of 1949-76: what these revolutions and their leadership actually set out to do, the liberating economic, social, and cultural transformations brought about, the problems and shortcomings. A vital contribution to this yearв??s Left Forum thematic. Here was в??total revolutionв?ќв??a new state power, society turned upside down supporting world revolution. Yet the need and basis, applying Bob Avakianв??s new synthesis of communism, to go further and do better in a new stage of revolution. Lotta argues: в??the whole history of communism thus far shows that the world does not have to be this way.в?ќ Key yardsticks: overcoming the oppression of women, uprooting the oppression of minority nationalities, breaking down the mental-manual divide. Key historical controversies: Stalin, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and why these revolutions were ultimately defeated. A central issue: в??how do we know what is trueв?ќ about these revolutions given conventional wisdom, held even by many progressive people, that these revolutions were nightmarish failures?