This panel brings together the works of Darren Byler (Washington), Gerald Roche (La Trobe), and Bilal "Zenab" Ahmed (SOAS) to rethink Xinjiang with a leftist perspective that discusses the historical evolution of Chinese state activity in the province, and how it will continue to evolve, and have wider impacts through new models of administration, and population management, in particular through Belt and Road projects. Byler will be discussing "Terror Capitalism," in Xinjiang, with an examination of trans-carceral politics and the use of data science. Roche will look at Chinese internal colonialism, with partial reference to projects in Tibet. Ahmed will look at the use of neoplatonist philosophy in paramilitary and data science projects, in the province. Following the three presentations, there will be time for moderated discussion, and audience participation.