Dr. Anthony Gronowicz is Associate Editor of the Journal of Labor and Society. His BA is from Columbia University in European history and his history PhD is from the University of Pennsylvania. He authored Race and Class Politics in New York City Before the Civil War (1998), and edited Villard’s foreign policy writings, Oswald Garrison Villard: The Dilemmas of the Absolute Pacifist in Two World Wars (1983). His most recent refereed publications are “The Global Significance of the Russian Revolution: Imperialism and the Socialist Resistance,” Journal of Labor and Society (2017) and “Crushing Strikes through the US Military: 1875-1915,” Working USA. The Journal of Labor and Society (2015). From 1999 to 2001 he chaired the University Seminar on the City at Columbia University. He teaches U.S. history, U.S. Government and Western Civilization courses at the Borough of Manhattan Community College of the City University of New York. He is on the bargaining team for a new contract for his union, the Professional Staff Congress of the City University of New York.